Wednesday, November 9, 2011

November 9th - The International Day Against Fascism - A Day of Fate

November 9th is sometimes referred to as "The European 9/11" since most European countries write their dates with the number for the month second. Schicksalstag, German for "Day of Fate," is also used for the day.

Schicksalstag was first used for November 9th by some German historians after WWII, but it picked up in popularity after 1989. There are several major events in German history that occurred on this date, with conflicting emotional baggage. However, when you look at a list of events for November 9, you realize this Day of Fate doesn’t stop at Germany’s borders.

Here’s a partial list:
694 – Egica, a king of the Visigoths of Hispania, accuses Jews of aiding Muslims, sentencing all Jews to slavery.
1494 - Medicis assume rule of Florence, Italy
1799 - Napoleon overthrew the French government in the coup d’etat of 18 Brumaire
1918 - Kaiser Wilhelm steps down, and Germany’s Republic begins
1923 - Hitler’s failed Beer Hall Putsch
1938 - Kristallnacht/Pogromnacht - German pogrom viewed as the symbolic start of the Holocaust
1953 - Cambodia declares its independence
1989 - Berlin wall comes down

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